Paine, Thomas

(1737–1809)
   Political Philosopher.
   Paine was brought up in Thetford, England. Although he was baptised into the Church of England, his father was a member of the Society of Friends and the young Thomas was influenced by Quaker ideas. After a varied career, he moved to America in 1774 where he published his pamphlet Common Sense, in which he argued for the colonies’ independence. This sold in huge numbers and gave him a certain notoriety. In 1787 he returned to England and in 1791 and 1792 both parts of his Rights of Man were published. He was indicted on a charge of treason and had to make a hasty escape to France. There he wrote the Age of Reason, for which the French imprisoned him for a year. He spent the final years of his life in America. Deist in their orientation, his books are still read for their radical commitment to individual freedom.
   A.O. Aldridge, Man of Reason: The Life of Thomas Paine (1960);
   I. Dyck (ed.), Citizen of the World: Essays on Thomas Paine (1988);
   J. Keane, Tom Paine: A Political Life (1995);
   I.M. Thompson Jr, The Religious Beliefs of Thomas Paine (1965).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paine,Thomas — Paine, Thomas. 1737 1809. British born American writer and Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. In England he published The Rights of Man (1791 1792), a defense of the… …   Universalium

  • Paine, Thomas — born Jan. 29, 1737, Thetford, Norfolk, Eng. died June 8, 1809, New York, N.Y., U.S. English American writer and political pampleteer. After a series of professional failures in England, he met Benjamin Franklin, who advised him to immigrate to… …   Universalium

  • Paine, Thomas — ► (1737 1809) Escritor político británico. Alentó la causa de la independencia estadounidense y defendió la Revolución francesa en su obra Los derechos del hombre. Fue miembro de la convención. Autor de La edad de la razón. * * * (29 ene. 1737,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737 1809) The pre eminent pamphleteer and radical democrat of the American Revolution. Paine was born in England and came to America in 1744. His 1776 revolutionary pamphlet Common Sense was enormously popular. In the spirit of Locke , Paine… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737–1809) English political theorist and activist. Born in Thetford, Norfolk, Paine emigrated to America in 1774, where he met Franklin . His pamphlet Common Sense (1776) was the first public call for American independence. The Rights of Man… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • PAINE, Thomas — (1737 1809)    born in England of QUAKER parents, he emigrated to America in 1774 where be became a leading propagandist in the American REVOLUTION. His books, Common Sense (1776) and The Rights of Man (1791 1792), stand as passionate appeals for …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • PAINE, THOMAS —    a notorious free thinker and democrat, born in Thetford; emigrated to America, contributed, as he boasted, by his pamphlet Common Sense, to free America, by rousing it to emancipate itself from the mother country; wrote the Rights of Man… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Paine, Thomas —  (1737–1809) British born American political philosopher and pamphleteer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737 1809)    Political and anti Christian writer, s. of a stay maker and small farmer of Quaker principles at Thetford, became with large classes perhaps the most unpopular man in England. After trying various occupations, including those of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Paine, Thomas —    см. Пейн, Томас …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

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